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HomeIndiaPrevalence of bonded labour has reduced by 81.9% in Tamil Nadu: Report...

Prevalence of bonded labour has reduced by 81.9% in Tamil Nadu: Report | Chennai News

CHENNAI: The prevalence of bonded labour in Tamil Nadu has reduced drastically by 81.9% — from 29.9% in 2014 to 5.4% in 2021, according to a report titled “Implementation of the Bonded Labour System Abolition Act in the State of Tamil Nadu’ released by an NGO on Wednesday.
The study on the Bonded Labour Act was carried out by ASK Training and Learning. It was released by T Raja, former acting chief justice of the Madras high court. The release was facilitated by the Anti-Human Trafficking Club at Sathyabama School of Law in association with the International Justice Mission.
The report was carried out under four methodologies — the prevalence study, achievements of government, deterrence study and confidence study.
Under the prevalence study, a state-wide quantitative survey was undertaken in which 9,942 people, who were rescued from bonded labour in 37 districts (excluding Chennai), were interviewed. The report found “as compared to 2014, there has been a relative reduction of 81.9% in the state, from 29.9% to 5.4% (from 1 in 3 people to 1 in 20) in 2021.”
The achievements of government, deterrence study and confidence study were undertaken in seven northern districts — Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Chengalpet, Ranipet, Vellore, Tirupattur and Tiruvannamalai — where the bonded labour system was highly prevalent. According to the report, the “prevalence of bonded labour in the seven districts is 1.4%. ” In Vellore, Ranipet, Kancheepuram and Tiruvannamalai districts, there is “zero evidence of bonded labour in the study.”
At the state level, 100% of respondents confirmed positive changes in the public justice system. Officials now consider bonded labour a crime and are sensitive towards violations. As far as the seven districts are concerned, police file 100% of reports of bonded labourers within 24 hours. The prosecutors are well-trained to argue cases in courts, and the judiciary has reduced trial lengths from 9.7 years to three to four years.
More importantly, the bonded labour complaints submitted in 2020 and 2021 received 100% response rate from district administrations.

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